Endoplasmic reticulum Golgi apparatus Nucleus Chromosomes made of: DNA & Protein Lysosome Cell Membrane Ribosomes Centrioles Mitochrondria Cytoplasm DNA RNA Nucleotide Nucleotide RNA Polymerase 1 Transcription: DNA in the Nucleus specifies the need for a new protein , so RNA polymerase binds to the promoter site of the DNA sequence and copies the instructions to build a protein . Nucleus RNA Export Protein DNA NPC Nuclear Membrane 2 Transport: RNA with the direction of export proteins, travels through the nucleus to the Nuclear Pore Complex ( NPC ), where it is released into the cytoplasm . Codon Amino Acid Codon specifies Amino Acid Ribosomes Polypeptide = Protein R 3 Translation: In the ribosome RNA's nucleotide sequence is read in triplet sections called codons. Each codon pertaining to a single amino acid. As the amino acids are bonded, the polypeptide clain exits the ribosome and starts folding into 3D shape. 4 Protein: The complete protein has a predetermined function specified by your DNA . Responsible for practically every cellular function in the human body, and builds what the DNA code describes. Hair Growth cycle Telogen Catagen Anagen Protein synthesis How proteins are made DNA RNA Nucleotide Nucleotide RNA Polymerase Transcription : DNA in the Nucleus specifies the need for a new protein, so RNA polymerase binds to the promoter site of the DNA sequence and copies the instructions to build a protein . 1 Nucleus RNA Export Protein DNA NPC Nuclear Membrane Transport : RNA with the direction of export proteins, travels through the nucleus to the Nuclear Pore Complex ( NPC ), where it is released into the cytoplasm . 2 Codon Amino Acid Codon specifies Amino Acid Ribosomes Polypeptide = Protein R Translation : In a ribosome RNA's nucleotide sequence is read in triplet sections called codons. Each codon pertaining to a single amino acid. As the amino acids are bonded, the polypeptide chain exits the ribosome and starts folding into 3D shape. 3 Protein : The complete protein has a predetermined function specified by your DNA . Proteins are responsible for practi - cally every cellular function in the human body, and builds what the DNA code describes. Hair Growth cycle Telogen Catagen Anagen 4

Protein synthesis is an intracellular process that produces biochemical
proteins that keep cells alive and functioning properly. The process starts
with the DNA encoding a strand of RNA in the nucleus that then moves out to
the cytoplasm.

RNA can be conceptualized as a messenger that then builds the
protein instructed in its informational nucleotide sequence. The nucleotide
sequence is interpreted in a ribosome found in the cytoplasm. Unit by unit the protein is built out of individual amino acids binding together.