Humans have evolved from single celled organisms. Evolution is mutations in our genes, mutations change the information held in the genes. Information that blueprints biochemical protein structures. Meaning, genetic evolution is essentially just changing our biochemical proteins. Better proteins make the body more efficient, which in turn means living longer, and subsequently reproducing more. Different proteins as a result of mutation also diversifies our species. Proteins are built unit by unit, the units being individual amino acids. A gene's code is a roadmap of amino acids.
Proteins built from Amino acids do the following:
- Turn genes on and off
- Keratin, Collagen, and Elastin proteins make your skin, hair, and nails
- Cellular Communication and Respiration
- Protein synthesis
- Part of our blood, brain, organs, nervous system, body parts,
and almost all bodily functions
Proteins build cells and structure internal components:
- Energy production
- Signaling molecules
- Export molecules
- Cellular defense
- Cellular division
- Proteins run your entire body
Accomplished because of the symbiotic relationship between DNA, RNA, and Amino Acids. The cycle for every protein goes as follows: genes (sections of the DNA strand) specify the need for a new protein. Once speciﬁed, RNA is encoded from the gene. Then RNA exits the nucleus of the cell with the help of export proteins, and enters a ribosome in the cytoplasm. Next the RNA message is translated into a long folding chain of amino acids linked together, forming the speciﬁed protein.
Amino Acids are the building blocks of proteins. Amino acids strung together by peptide bonds create every protein in all living organisms. Humans require 22 amino acids. All of which possess the same basic structure, an alpha carbon (tetrahedral atom) in the center. With an amino group, carboxyl group, a hydrogen atom, and each one’s own unique side chain (R group) all bonded to the alpha carbon. Amino acids form peptide bonds, a type of covalent chemical bond formed when an Amino group and Carboxyl group of two individual amino acids react. The reaction releases a water molecule (H20) in a process called dehydration synthesis.
How exactly, well RNA the messenger of DNA consists of four nucleotide bases; Adenine, Cytosine, Guanine, and Uracil. These create unique codes made of three out of the four nucleotide bases in a row (64 codes in total) called codons. Each codon specifies an individual amino acid, the order of codons is translated into the order of amino acids.
Proteins build, regulate, and run your body. Examples: cell structure, enzymes, immune system antibodies, collagen, keratin, insulin, hemoglobin, along with almost everything else in your body. Proteins also control the capacity at which your body can act. Genes essentially just instruct the development of proteins as needed. The body continues with this constant ﬂow of information from DNA into proteins.
- This is not to be taken as medical advice, or to diagnose, treat, or cure any illness. Also these statements have not be approved by the FDA.